marijuana growing laws canada

One gram of dried cannabis is equal (equivalent) to:

You cannot consume cannabis (smoking, vaping and eating) in a vehicle or boat that is being driven or will be driven.

Employees and workers:

You may grow up to four cannabis plants per residence (not per person) if:

Consuming recreational cannabis in an enclosed workplace remains illegal after legalization on October 17, 2018.

Hospitals, hospices, care homes and other facilities.

Learn about Ontario’s rules to keep people safe when buying and consuming recreational cannabis.

Medical cannabis is subject to different rules than recreational cannabis. The production and sale of medical cannabis is regulated exclusively by the federal government.

See additional rules related to cannabis use in the workplace, including for commercial driving, where you can use recreational cannabis and using medical cannabis in the workplace.

The government has enacted the following rules for using cannabis, both medical and recreational.

Ontario has a tightly regulated private retail model for cannabis.

Products are prohibited from:

You cannot smoke or vape cannabis in:

You must be 19 and older to buy, use, possess and grow recreational cannabis. This is the same as the minimum age for the sale of tobacco and alcohol in Ontario.

You cannot smoke or vape cannabis:


Edible cannabis products must contain no nicotine or added alcohol.

Learn about the Youth Cannabis Diversion Program, an online education and prevention program for youth between the ages of 12 and 18. Youth who come into conflict with the law for certain provincial cannabis-related offences can be referred to this program by law enforcement, prosecutors and courts.

You cannot smoke or vape cannabis:

The only way to purchase medical cannabis is:

Edible cannabis products are allowed to have:

Ontario has strict rules in place to make sure workplaces are safe.

Extracts and topicals.

Cannabis edibles are legal in Canada as of October 17, 2019.

Employers (and supervisors):

Extracts and topicals are legal in Canada as of October 17, 2019.

The Ontario Government has rules in place to keep cannabis out of the hands of children and youth, keep our roads safe and combat the illegal market.

Extracts (also known as concentrates) that are inhaled or ingested, and topicals (cannabis-infused products for skin, hair and nails) can have up to 1,000 milligrams of THC per package.

You are able to have a maximum of 30 grams (about one ounce) of dried cannabis (or equivalent) in public at any time.

You cannot smoke or vape cannabis in publicly-owned sport fields (not including golf courses), nearby spectator areas and public areas within 20 metres of these areas.

The rules for transporting cannabis in a vehicle are the same as alcohol. Cannabis must be in a closed, sealed package and out of reach from anyone in the vehicle. You can be fined up to $2,000 for improper storage.

Cannabis laws are different in each province and territory in Canada. Here’s what you need to know about what is and isn’t legal in Nova Scotia.

19 is the legal age to use, buy, grow or possess cannabis in Nova Scotia. If you’re under 19, you can be fined or face criminal charges.

The legalization of recreational cannabis has not changed the way medical patients access cannabis.

If you’re 19 or over, you can have up to 30 grams of dried cannabis (or equivalent) with you in public. There are no restrictions on how much you can keep in your home, as long as it’s for personal use. Store cannabis safely and keep it away from children and pets.

Keep it closed and out of reach in your car.

Legal age adults can grow up to four cannabis plants per household. Each apartment in a house or building is considered a separate household. Take extra care to grow safely if you have children or pets at home.

Municipalities may pass additional bylaws that further restrict cultivation. Some have, so be aware of local bylaws.

Federal regulations for the legal sale and production of edible cannabis, extracts and topicals came into effect on October 17, 2019. Consumers should expect to see products on NSLC shelves beginning no earlier than mid-December 2019 due to Health Canada’s review process.

The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation is the only authorized retailer of recreational cannabis in Nova Scotia. Cannabis can be purchased by adults 19 or over at designated NSLC stores or online. For more information, visit the Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation.

While edibles can be produced at home for personal use, it remains illegal under federal law to sell edibles, including at restaurants and markets.

If you’ve been authorized by your health care practitioner and Health Canada to access cannabis for medical purposes, you can still buy it from licenced producers, grow your own for medical use, or designate someone to grow it for you. Health Canada will continue to regulate medical cannabis.

You must be 19.

Be aware of the penalties if you’re under age.

It became lawful on October 17, 2019 for legal forms of edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals to be produced and sold. It will take time before new products become available. You should only expect a limited selection of new products to appear gradually, in physical or online stores, beginning no earlier than mid-December 2019.

Legal cannabis products (except products with less than 0.3% THC or no THC) have an excise stamp on the package. Each province and territory has a differently coloured excise stamp. The stamp has security features to prevent forgery, just like passports and banknotes.

It will take time for the following new cannabis products to be available for purchase:

The purpose of the Cannabis Act is to:

There are recommended safety and security measures for growing cannabis plants.

At home.

It puts in place, in Canada, a new, strict framework for controlling cannabis:

You need to be licensed by Health Canada to be able to grow cannabis for sale.

Review your provincial and territorial guidelines. Also check your municipality’s website for local information.

We have compiled a list of cannabis-related resources for use by Indigenous groups to lead public discussions in their communities.

Adults are legally able to purchase fresh and dried cannabis, cannabis oils and seeds or plants for cultivation from authorized retailers.

It’s your responsibility to learn the laws of the province or territory you are going to, before you travel. If you use cannabis, follow the laws in the jurisdiction where you are.

Legal cannabis products are only sold through retailers authorized by your provincial or territorial government.

Municipalities may also pass bylaws to regulate the use of cannabis locally.

You must respect the laws of the province, territory or Indigenous community you are in, whether you are a visitor or live there.

It will take time before the new cannabis products become available for purchase. Adults should only expect a limited selection to appear gradually, in physical or online stores, and no earlier than mid-December 2019. It will take more time before a full range of products becomes available.


These products are subject to strict regulations that address their unique public health and safety risks.

The Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation recommended that the Government of Canada permit the legal sale of these products once regulatory controls were in place. Giving adults legal access to a broader range of cannabis products will help to achieve the Government’s objectives of:

The Cannabis Act also protects public health and safety by:

To give information on risks of use, legal cannabis products also carry the:

Cannabis for medical purposes will continue to be legal if you are:

If you use cannabis, learn how to use it responsibly and to reduce risks for yourself and others:

This applies to all countries, whether cannabis is legal there or not.

Consuming cannabis.

A number of information tools and resources about cannabis are available.

Drug-impaired driving is illegal. Do not drive high.

We continue to engage with Indigenous governments, organizations and communities to:

The Cannabis Act permits adults to cultivate up to 4 cannabis plants per household (not per person). Some provinces and territories have applied added restrictions on personal cultivation.

It’s illegal to take any cannabis across the Canadian border, regardless whether:

You may not sell the cannabis you grow at home to others.

In some cases, you may also need a licence from the Canada Revenue Agency to sell cannabis. Legal cannabis products must carry an excise stamp, except those products with less than 0.3% THC or no THC.

Protecting the health and safety of youth is a top priority. The Cannabis Act establishes serious criminal penalties for those who: