If growing outside, some growers prefer to germinate seeds inside because they are delicate in the beginning stages of growth. Indoors, you can give weed seedlings supplemental light to help them along, and then transplant them outside when big enough.
Germinating cannabis seeds doesn’t always go as planned. Some seeds will be duds. Others will be slow and take longer to sprout. But some will pop quickly and grow rapidly.
You might also find a mature seed that has been physically damaged through poor handling, like rough trimming. In those cases, it probably isn’t worth the effort to try and germinate the seed.
How weed seeds work.
Make sure the area the seeds are in is warm, somewhere between 70-85°F.
In some cases, even if a seed isn’t completely mature, there’s still a chance it could be viable. But often these are extremely weak, take long to develop, and express other unfavorable characteristics. Growers usually discard weak plants to free up space.
To get the buds found in medical and recreational stores, female cannabis plants are grown in an environment without males—or the males are removed from the area before they release pollen—so the females don’t create seeds. Females can then focus their energies on producing buds and not seeds—this high-potency marijuana is traditionally known as “sinsemilla,” meaning “seedless.”
Cannabis used for hemp production has been selected for other traits, including a low THC content, so as to comply with the 2018 Farm Bill. Consequently, many varieties of hemp produce significant quantities of CBD.
Also, autoflower plants are small—perfect for closet grows or any small grow, or growing outdoors where you don’t want your neighbors to see what you’re up to.
Seeds for these varieties are now widely available online and through dispensaries. It should be noted, however, that any plant grown from these seeds is not guaranteed to produce high levels of CBD, as it takes many years to create a seed line that produces consistent results. A grower looking to produce cannabis with a certain THC to CBD ratio will need to grow from a tested and proven clone or seed.
Take two of the paper towels and place them on a plate. Then, place the marijuana seeds at least an inch apart from each other and cover them with the remaining two water-soaked paper towels.
To create a dark, protected space, take another plate and flip it over to cover the seeds, like a dome.
Once cannabis seeds are mature, the female plant begins to die, and seeds are either dropped to the ground where they grow into new cannabis plants next spring, or the seeds are harvested for processing into seed oil or food products, or stored so they can be sown in the ground later and become the next generation of plants.
Also, buying from a reputable breeder or seed bank will give you a sense of what a particular strain will look and smell like, how it will grow, and how much it will yield at harvest.
Is the seed viable?
With cloning, you don’t have to get new seeds every time you want to grow another plant—you just take a cutting of the old plant—and you don’t have to germinate seeds or sex them out and get rid of the males.
Seeds found in finished cannabis buds can develop for a number of reasons. For example, a male plant may have accidentally pollinated a flowering female during the growing process. But more commonly, they’re a sign of stress and can be attributed to high temperatures during the final stages of flowering or an exaggerated spike in climate or environment.
However, a type of cannabis called Cannabis ruderalis , which developed in extreme northern conditions without much sunlight, will begin flowering once the plant reaches a certain age—they automatically start flowering regardless of the amount of light they receive, hence the name “autoflower.”
Finding a cannabis seed in your stash is not ideal, but we’ve all been there before. Although much less common than it once was, it still happens. Sometimes you’ll notice one when grinding down some flower, or you’ll see one pop, spark, and crackle from the heat of a lit bowl.
Some varieties of cannabis can produce male parts alongside female flowers on the same plant, especially if exposed to environmental stressors. These plants are known as hermaphrodites, and sometimes they can self-pollinate to create seeds.
Some strains are bred to be autoflowering types. This means that the flowering period is likely much shorter, often around eight weeks or less. That said, some strains are just naturally quick to flower, even though they are not autoflowering strains.
Just as the name implies, the Easy Bud hybrid strain is probably the simplest one to grow on our list. It was specifically bred with novices in mind so that they too could enjoy the benefits of home-grown weed. What primarily makes Easy Bud so convenient is the fact that it is an auto-flowering strain. This means that the grower does not need as much knowledge about light-cycle shifts to achieve successful yields.
One of the best aspects of growing Northern Lights is its short 6-7 week flowering period. Also, for an indica, Northern Lights is super high-yielding. This strain produces 18 ounces per square meter on average when grown indoors, and 22 ounces per plant outdoors.
Feminized Seeds, with Fewer Gender Differences.
The most common diseases and pests to affect marijuana are typically mold, powdery mildew, and spider mites. Some strains have a high resistance to disease and mold. This natural resistance can significantly increase the chances that a grower will end up with a healthy, high-yielding crop.
If you are growing these marijuana seeds indoors, then utilize the Sea of Green method for best results. Some say that growing this strain in soil produces the most potent terpene profile. Others say that a hydroponic setup produces the best indoor yields. While indoor returns aren’t as high as outdoor yields, Papaya typically produces a rewarding 15 ounces per meter squared.
As a beginner, you may be wondering whether you should buy regular or feminized seeds. By purchasing and then sewing feminized seeds, there is very little chance that you will end up with male plants. This will save you time as you won’t have to identify and remove male plants from the grow site.
Beginners will be glad to hear that this marijuana strain is highly resistant to mold and powdery mildew. Cannaman Farm recommends growing Cinex plants in soil that is rich in organic elements, such as bat guano, feather meal, humic acid, and mycorrhizae.
There are many reasons why these strains have made the grade for being the five best marijuana seeds for beginners. Not only are they easy to cultivate, but they can also produce some exceptionally high yields. They are also pretty forgiving of common mistakes that novices make when starting out on their cannabis cultivating journey.
The Cinex strain is a sativa-dominant (60:40) hybrid, which is a cross of Cinderella 99 and Vortex. It is known for its intensely potent THC levels, which typically range between 22-26%.
3. Blue Dream (Hybrid):
The Easy Bud strain is probably the best place to start as it is an auto-flowering strain. You may want to get some experience under your belt before trying your hand at the Blue Dream strain.
Cinex plants can handle slightly colder than average temperatures but do best in the 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit range. You should feed your Cinex plants moderate levels of nitrogen at the beginning of the vegetative stage. Then gradually increase the amount as the plants progress through the vegetative stage so that they grow healthy and strong.
Autoflowering strains also have the advantage of not relying on changes in their light-dark cycle to flower. This makes the growing process a little easier for the beginner.
In terms of its lineage, Northern Lights derives from two landrace types, namely Thai sativa and Afghani indica. It is highly resistant to many diseases, which makes it one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners.
1. Cinex (Sativa-dominant hybrid)
What makes it one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners? Well, not only is it an easy strain to grow, but Cinex is also relatively high yielding. Average outdoor yields are around 16 ounces per plant, and indoor returns are typically 19 ounces per square meter.
As for feeding, Northern Lights plants respond well to high levels of nitrogen. These plants are particularly heavy feeders and continue to be so through the flowering stage.
It’s also possible to grow Blue Dream indoors or outdoors. When grown outdoors, it does best in a warm and sunny climate akin to California. The optimal temperature range for Blue Dream is between 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit. However, it can handle cooler climates and colder nighttime temperatures very well, too. Blue Dream has a slightly longer flowering period at 9-10 weeks.
While you can grow Easy Bud indoors and outdoors, it does best outside in a hot, semi-humid climate. After around 3-4 weeks, Easy Bud will automatically begin to flower. Amazingly the timeframe for this strain from seed to harvest is just 8-9 weeks.
Certain strain types produce higher average yields, while others will only ever produce low or moderate returns. It’s important to note that not all high-yielding strains are the best quality. However, there are certainly some classic strains that also just happen to be high-yielding.
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Growing cannabis at home can be a fun project and a nice way to have your own cannabis plants on hand. You may want to grow cannabis indoors due to inclement weather in your area or due to a lack of green space in your yard. Start by germinating the seeds. Then, plant the seeds in soil or in a starter cube. Once the seeds have been planted, care for them properly so they grow and thrive.
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To plant cannabis seeds indoors, first soak the seeds in lukewarm tap water for 12 hours. Discard any seeds that float to the top. Then, place the seeds on a damp paper towel on a plate with 1 inch (2.5 cm) of space between each seed. Cover the seeds with another damp paper towel. Keep the seeds in a spot that remains between 70-80°F (21-27°C), and spray the paper towels with water whenever they start to dry out. The seeds will sprout in 2-3 days. When they do, fill pots or a growing tray 3/4 of the way with loose potting soil that has a pH between 5.8 and 6.3. Press the soil down lightly, leaving some air in it. Then, use a pencil to poke 1 inch (2.5 cm) holes in the soil. Place the sprouted seeds vertically in the holes and fill the holes with potting soil. Water the soil thoroughly and place the pots or tray in a spot that’s always 75°F (24°C) or warmer. Set up a grow light over the seeds and leave it on at all times. Water the seeds every day so the soil doesn’t dry out. The seedlings will emerge in 2-4 weeks. To learn how to use cool white grow lights to help your cannabis seeds grow, keep reading!