Episode 2 introduces the steps of successful germination, breaking down the materials you’ll need to turn your seeds into cannabis sprouts. You’ll need a medium for the seeds, a pH testing kit, a TDS pen, a water basin, a seedling tray, a humidity dome, and a seedling heat mat. With your materials assembled, you’ll then learn how to alter the pH in your water supply to achieve stability, how to inspect your seeds and weed out the bad ones prior to planting, and how to ensure that your environment is actively encouraging seedling growth. In a few days, you’ll check back on the seeds to see how you’ve done.
In the interest of providing a gateway for aspiring growers to plant their first cannabis crops, SuperCloset, which offers a variety of customizable and award-winning grow cabinets, hydroponic systems, and grow rooms to suit DIY growers’ needs, has developed a comprehensive series of instructional videos covering everything you need to know to grow. In these episodes of the Grow Like a SuperPro series, Rory will cover everything you need to know in order to set up your own indoor cannabis garden and make the most of your space as you get your seedlings started.
For a plant that’s so widely cultivated and consumed, cannabis can be a tricky to coax into full bloom, especially when growing at home. Myriad factors influence the final product: lighting, temperature, air circulation, nutrients, growing methods, and many more among them. This can be intimidating for beginner growers who want to get started but aren’t quite sure how. If tools and terms like TDS pens, NPK value, pH stability, and “nutrient burn” make you want to wilt, don’t worry – for one thing, you’re not alone, and for another, you can still grow cannabis indoors like a pro.
In Episode 1, you’ll learn the difference between closed loop growing systems and high CFM growing systems, figure out how to choose the right lighting for any given system or space, and understand the differences between hydroponic and soil growing. You’ll also learn about each of the individual elements that your growing space requires: adequate lighting, reflective walls, suitable water supply, cleanable surfaces, an organizational area for tools, ample growing space, consistent air circulation, and a device to monitor temperature and humidity. Intimidated? Don’t be – let Rory walk you through how to set up a grow.
For more information on how to grow cannabis, check out more videos in the Grow Like a Pro Video Series.
Episode 1: Choosing Your Setup.
Episode 2: Germinating.
If you’re growing closet weed, space is a problem in all directions. Often, you may have less than six feet of vertical space (including the space to hang your light), so you have to maintain maximum plant height carefully to avoid too much stretching.
You can also change the ratio during the flower period – so in early stages of flower, you can fine-tune your spectrum to minimize stretch.
When levels are reduced, shoot growth is reduced in turn. It’s a technique that should be used with care, as phosphorus is an essential macronutrient responsible for various aspects of keeping your plants healthy.
This triggers the shade avoidance response and forces your plants to stretch.
It’ll be way too much light, and perhaps more relevant, it’ll be wayyyy too much heat. Better to stick with a 400W HPS, or even better, to choose a cool light such as a CFL or LED.
Airflow and Aroma.
As well as a route out for your air, you need a route in.
“Indica”-dominant photoperiod-dependent strains are generally more controllable than “sativa”-dominant strains, although this is a generalization; if you switch an indica-dominant plant to flower after just a week or so of vegetative growth, you can limit its stretch in early flower and keep it small.
If you can achieve lower temperatures during the early morning than during the night (a phenomenon that occurs in nature, due to the way the earth gradually releases infrared energy absorbed during the day), you can reduce stretch even more!
If red light is much higher than far-red, your plants will have shorter internodes. If the amount of far-red light increases, the internodes will grow longer, and you’ll end up with tall, spindly plants and weak stems.
Some newer models emit far-red and UV light, and can be precisely controlled to emit the exact percentages of each type of light.
So what next? Let’s guide you through the basic steps ….
Well, quite simply, it’s a small space in a cupboard, wardrobe or closet, which is repurposed and kitted out with the necessary accoutrements to grow cannabis.
If funds are tight, you could also build your own simple ebb and flow (flood and drain) system for very little money.
Also, if you wish to grow using organic nutrients, it’s harder (although not impossible) to use them in most hydro systems.
You need to control the airflow in and out of your closet, and filter out the smells that will come out with the air. For some, this may be the trickiest part of setting up their closet cannabis grow.
However, if the closet is your only option – the end results could be well worth it.
If nighttime temperature is the same as daytime temperature, stretch is reduced.
Tried and tested by teenagers the world over – including myself over 20 years ago! – growing in a closet is an effective way to get herb in your otherwise herbless life, and as long as you keep a few specific pointers in mind, it may well be the easiest way to grow cannabis indoors.
Interestingly, if you touch and move your plants a lot, the movement itself may actually reduce stretch. Even more reason to regularly – and enthusiastically – handle your plants!
So, in order to ensure your plants stay small, you should pick strains that will remain short-statured throughout their life cycle, start flowering as early as possible, and/or agressively prune and train your plants to keep them under control.
With a programmable LED, you can even control your spectrum and intensity to make sure your plants get exactly what they need throughout the grow cycle.
That’s the essential list – but you may also wish to consider the following items too, as they will make your life easier and will probably help you achieve better results:
Also, if you need more pointers on how to grow cannabis indoors hydroponically compared to growing in soil, take a look at this recent article.
So, first of all, what do we mean when we say “closet grow”?
In order for you to avoid the major pitfalls associated with closet growing, here are some tips to keep in mind:
Set it up outside the closet and feed a short length of vent ducting into the closet. You may need to replace the door of your closet, or if it’s an option, you could cut through the door with a circular saw!
In any case, now is the time to put your pruning and training skills to the test!
Setting up the lights is a very important step. The grow lights you install in your closet are going to be the only source of light your plants are going to receive, so it’s really important that you do this part right. It’s not going to work if you keep your green pal in the dark.
There are several options for grow lights, although it’s best to get LED lights. The more plants you put in your closet, the more lights you’ll need to install in the upper part of the closet. LED lights are inexpensive and fairly easy to install; they are appropriate for growing weed from seedling to yielding. LEDs are a preferred source of light as they don’t emit too much heat. If you use other types of light you’ll have to be extra cautious not to overheat your cannabis plant.
Last but not least, it’s also good to think of an “emergency” plan or what you are going to do if somebody spills the beans to someone like your parents. Would you be able to discard your closet swiftly, or can you mask the closet so that it still looks like you are keeping clothes inside it? When you are done contemplating your grow strategy, follow the next five steps to fulfill your closet grow mission.
Mission Possible: Growing Weed in Your Closet.
Growing weed in your closet sounds like a super secretive activity to do, so treat it like one. If you don’t want your secret out of the closet, keep tight-lipped. If you opt for a closet grow, you opt for a very limited space that needs to be converted into a tiny control room where your plant can thrive and flower.
If you are a starter and have no experience in growing weed whatsoever, you may want to stick with growing just one or a maximum of two plants. Having fewer plants means you are better able to observe the growing cycles of each plant and learn more from the process, plus it’s easier to discard your closet when you are done growing.
If you are growing weed in your closet, you also want to control the size as well as the odor that might be coming from it. First, it’s important that you select seeds that you know are not going to consume too much space as they begin to form into beautiful plants with flowers. Since you are growing in a closet, it’s easy to assume that your space is limited. If you are buying seeds from a local dispensary, ask the vendor for seeds that are optimal for growing in a small space.
LEDs will also help you deliver more high-quality yields than other lighting solutions.
#2 Installing your grow lights.
If you are growing a small number of plants it would help if you can circulate the air in the room where your grow closet is. Use fans and open the windows frequently. If you still notice a hint of a strange smell in the air, you can try to set up a small fan inside the closet.
Nutrients will enrich the soil, potentially helping your plant to grow bigger buds, but you also want to be reasonable with the dosages. You can purchase nutrients from a local garden shop or a dispensary or you can prepare a modest dose of organic tea compost by yourself.
Converting Your Closet Into a Grow Room.
Once you’re clear on your secret weed grow location, ensure that you have all the needed equipment. You’ll need fixtures to install your grow light, and you need to decide on the container of your plants as well as the seeds so you can start the growing process. You also have to figure out how you will water your plants.
#5: Preparing for harvest.
If you are a beginner, it’s best to stick with autoflowering seeds. Plants from autoflowering seeds are small and compact and they don’t exceed more than 3.2 feet (1 meter) in height. They also grow and flower quicker than other seeds. At all points of growing, combine 18 hours of light and six hours without lights to grow your closet autoflowers cannabis. Aside from controlling the size of your weed plant, you also need to contain any smell.
Your limited space of choice could be a closet, a cupboard, or even an old wardrobe you are no longer using. When you choose your dark, growing spot you still need to equip it just like you would a normal grow room. For some elements of your equipment, you can, of course, improvise. Before you start, think of how you can set up artificial lights or how you can handle smell management. You may not be able to install real ventilation as your closet might be too small, so perhaps you’ll want to bring a single oscillating fan in the room where the closet is, or just try if odor neutralizers help. You also have to adjust the room temperature so that it soothes your plant. Not too warm. Not too cold.
You can grow as many plants as you like and this would also depend on the space of your closet. The bigger the closet the more plants you can grow. Although, the more plants you grow, the greater the responsibility.
How many plants should you grow in your closet?
Regardless of where you do your indoor growing, you can make use of the same grow medium options. If you are growing in soil containers, pay attention to how much water and nutrients you use for your cannabis plant. Overwatering and overfeeding are some of the most common growing mistakes that even experienced gardeners make. Too much water may cause the plant’s roots to decay, so treat your cannabis plant as you would treat a gentler flower.
Growing weed in your closet is not the same as growing cannabis outside in the garden or in a special grow room inside your house. However, this article is here to help you successfully set up your covert operations. Just bear in mind, growing weed in a closet does not guarantee you 100% that your plant will remain secret. If there is a greater risk of you ending up in trouble because of homegrowing, it’s always better to buy weed from a friend or local dispensary.
#3 Setting up your grow medium.
#1 Cleaning the closet.
If you want extra control over the growing process, consider using a small hydroponic system. Using hydroponics for your weed amplifies the growth process, however, requires close supervision of the ph and ppm levels, in which case you may need additional tools to keep track of those values. It may be more costly to purchase hydroponics over setting up a soil container, however.
Your growing space needs to be clean. Closets, wardrobes or cupboards may often fall victims to negligence, hence there could be dirt or mold, especially if you are choosing a corner of your house that hasn’t been touched in years. So, ensure that your grow closet is well-cleaned. You can also paint the inside walls of the closet or blanket them with a reflective growing tent cover. That is, depending on how professional you want to go with your efforts.