Attractive, frilly flowers mature into guava fruits, which may be round, ovoid or pear-shaped, 2 to 4 inches long, and are commonly used in jams and juices. A series of tests on Indian fruits, including Himalayan apples and pomegranates, bananas from the south, and grapes from Maharashtra, found the guava, (exotic in Europe but a poor man's fruit in India), to be the ultimate super food with the highest concentration of antioxidants which protects against the cell damage that often ages skin! From seed, common guavas may bloom and set fruit in as little as 2 years. They are evergreen, faintly fragrant, and growth, in California for example, is rarely over 10 – 12 feet. The bark is smooth, mottled green or reddish brown and peels off in thin flakes to reveal the attractive "bony" aspect of its trunk. Guavas can bloom throughout the year in mild-winter areas, but the heaviest bloom occurs with the onset of warm weather in the spring. And if the tops of the trees are frozen, they usually sprout from the ground and are back in production in 2-3 years!
These seeds have already been thoroughly cleaned and should be sown into a well-drained, sandy compost at any time of the year, and covered thinly with sand or grit and kept moist. Keep at between 20-25 degrees C. Seeds sometimes germinate within 4 to 6 weeks although some may take very much longer so please be patient. Plant out in the open ground in warmer countries or in a large container elsewhere.
Guava is that tropical fruit you’ll probably see in the produce section that’s often hailed as a superfood, but that you feel a little sheepish purchasing. Questions like: How do you eat it? Will it taste good? may pop into your head, and while these concerns are completely valid when trying a new fruit, you will be pleasantly surprised by how simple and healthy guava is. Per Healthline , the guava contains 12 percent of your daily recommended intake of fiber, and just 37 calories per fruit. And if you are looking to boost your immune system to take on cold and flu season, the guava will provide you with double the daily recommended amount of your vitamin C, leaving other providers in the dust.
But it is really the ease of this fruit that has us fawning over it. In fact, Epicurious points out that this fruit that tastes like a blend of a strawberry and a pear can be eaten whole. Yep, you can eat every last bit of this fruit, including the seeds — so definitely don’t throw them out. Here’s why.
According to NDTV Food, the small, round, hard seeds of a guava should be eaten with the fruit because of their several health benefits. Those include aiding in lowering blood pressure and alleviating constipation. Guava seeds are rich in antioxidants, fiber, and potassium. In fact, the guava has more potassium than bananas, which is essential for keeping your blood pressure healthy. Additionally, the fibrous nature of the guava makes it the perfect, natural aid when you are constipated. Whether you choose to chew these seeds whole or grind them up in a smoothie, you can reap the many benefits this fruit offers.
Guava seeds are beneficial in their own ways.
Once the seeds have been soaked, fill a nursery pot with soilless seed starting mix. Press one seed into the center of the pot with your finger. Be sure to cover the seed with a bit of soilless mixture.
In commercial orchards, guava trees are vegetatively propagated by air layering, stem cuttings, grafting and budding. For the home grower, guava seed propagation is a great experiment just as much gardening is.
The first step to growing guava from seed is to break the seed dormancy. This is done in one of two ways. Either place the seeds in a pot of boiling water for 5 minutes, or soak the seeds in water for two weeks prior to planting. Both of these allow the seed coat to soften and, thus, hasten germination.
Water the seeds with a misting spray and place the container in a warm place with temperatures around 65 F. (18 C.) or above. The seeds should germinate in 2-8 weeks depending upon the temperature. In cooler climates, place the pot on a seed heating pad to help maintain a consistently warm temperature and speed up germination.
Have you ever eaten a guava and wondered about growing guava from seed? I mean the seed is there to be grown, right? Although seed grown guava trees don’t grow true, guava seed propagation is still a fun project. The following article contains information on how to grow guava trees from seed and when to plant guava seeds.
When to Plant Guava Seeds.
Guava trees can be grown in USDA zones 9a-10b outdoors or in USDA zone 8 and below in a pot on a sunny, covered porch through winter or in a greenhouse. Although seed grown guava doesn’t reproduce true to type, it is an economical way to grow guava and isn’t uncommon. Seeds should be planted immediately upon extracting form mature fruit.
Keep an eye on the seed pot and water when needed; when the top of the soil feels dry.