growing outdoor weed in florida

Areas that are subject to high wind will need a wall or hedge to act as a windbreak. Then there is the small matter of privacy and security.

You can use training tools such as screens and ties to ensure the plants grow in a specific shape. You need to prune your plants if you’re concerned about height control; an essential element of low-key growing!

However, all marijuana growing areas must be enclosed, locked, and they can’t be viewed from the outside. In other words, it is tricky to grow cannabis outside and meet all state laws.

Some Potential Grow Sites for Outdoor Growers.

Make sure you trim your plants regularly to help them attain optimum growth. Get rid of unnecessary cannabis cuttings because leaving dead leaves and branches will only attract pests. Pruning also enables you to shape your plant. If you see new shoots that are not growing properly, take a pair of pruning scissors and trim them away. This will help your plants develop bigger buds.

When choosing the ideal location for your outdoor grow, look for the following features:

We are offering this guide with the assumption that it is legal to grow marijuana plants in your state. First and foremost, it is imperative that you have the right climate for optimum growth.

If you live in a state where an outdoor grow is permitted, then this article is for you. This step-by-step guide will go through everything you need to know and show you how to grow marijuana outdoors.

Airflow is also critical, so be sure to invest in breathable containers. These enable air to penetrate the root zone quickly and ensure that oxygen gets to the roots. Once marijuana plants breathe in the CO2, the roots use the most with the highest consumption occurring at night.

Another method of fighting pests is to grow companion plants. Companion plants are plants of a different species to cannabis that you plant near your crop. Clover, rosemary, basil, and marigold are good choices as they are capable of repelling pests.


Southern California growers can grow these strains and not worry about late flowering due to plentiful sunshine. Growers in British Columbia, on the other hand, won’t achieve a decent yield because they won’t finish flowering until December. By that time, the lack of light, cold weather, and heavy rainfall will probably have killed the plant.

If you live in a warm climate, be wary of excessive heat damaging the roots. It is normal for container-grown pots of soil to exceed 90 degrees on a hot day. Always water the plants generously in the morning to ensure they don’t dry out during sweltering afternoons.

If you decide to use the soil in the earth, make sure you have its pH tested. Otherwise, purchase the soil from a garden store. Please remember that even store-bought soil could use added nutrients from compost. Your options include:

Adding these to the soil before planting means you won’t have to add as much fertilizer during the growing cycle. After planting your marijuana in premium quality soil, you don’t need to add anything else for a few weeks.

Benefits of Growing Marijuana Outdoors.

As we mentioned above, make sure the temperature of your location does not exceed 86 degrees. If your area regularly surpasses this temperature, then you will need to be careful where you cultivate your plants.

The plant’s trichomes should have turned an opaque white color at this stage, too. This is a good indication that they are fully mature and ready for harvesting.

It is tempting to make your soil amendments with store-bought fertilizers, but remember, they are filled with chemicals. This can significantly impact the flavor and aroma of the finished product.

Make sure you layer the compost heap and ensure it has proper airflow. Turn the heap every few weeks and test the pH regularly to ensure it is balanced. These days, consumers are turning to super-soil to help fertilize their plants. This is organic pre-fertilized soil, which contains all the nutrients your marijuana needs.

Don’t just focus solely on bothersome insects. Larger animals such as rodents, dogs, cats, rabbits, deer, and raccoons can damage or eat your crop.

You should plant after the last hard frost, which in Florida is usually late February- Early march. however, the best time to plant is after the daylight hours are long enough to facilitate vegetative growth, which in the Sunshine State is mid to late April.

Now, I’m sure you are wondering what strains to plant. Sativas are better suited to the humid environment. the plants are generally more airy and allow more airflow around the buds to prevent bud rot. They take longer to mature and that works well with our longer growing seasons. Popular Sativas include TGA Subcool Seeds Chernobyl, Jilly Bean, and Vortex or often include the word "haze" in its name. Whether you plan to start from seeds or clones, it is always best to start the plant indoors and move it outside after it has developed a few sets of nodes. It is a good practice to weather harden your plants before transplanting then outdoors. You can do this by placing the plant outside for a couple hours each day to acclimate the plant to the climate outside. You can actually see and feel a difference in the plant. depending on your soil and location you can now plant your new baby. Carry your plant to the location and depending on pot type, either remove the pot or if it is biodegradable, just set it in the ground. I like to plant the stem until right under the first set of nodes. Then water the plant in thoroughly.

Soil Another thing that varies from one location to the next is soil. Florida is home to several main soil types:

Soil Most of the soil areas do not hold nutrients very well. It is recommended to bring in good garden soil to grow. There are many brands out there, so I will not go into detail on this. If you wish to amend your soil, it is best to take soil samples to your local Ag department to have it analyzed, and make your amendments thusly. Tell them you are growing vegetables. Florida Soil is generally Acidic, especially around Pine trees. The soil pH should be in the area of 6.5 to increase the uptake of the nutrients. Dolomite Lime is a good amendment to adjust pH into the appropriate range. If everything about the location is perfect except soil and drainage, it may be a good idea to build a raised bed to grow your plants. this allows you to control everything below ground and also allow the tap root to dig deep enough to find a water source.

I cannot stress this enough. Every time you go to your plot, choose a different route. do not make easily seen trails, or use game trails when you can. Check every so often to know if you are being followed. Listen to the woods. Insects get quiet in the area around an intruder.

The Site of the Guerilla grow is very important. Several things must be taken in account. Security, Sunshine, Soil, and water.

Water Water is another thing to consider. You can get your water from a cew places. Nearby lake or stream, Rain, or from home. A Nearby lake or stream is a must when growing. Natural springs are located all over the state. We have a very high water table, so finding surface water shouldn’t be too difficult. Rainfall varies from one part of the state to the other. The Panhandle seems to get more rainfall than the peninsula, but we can all agree, that we all see our share of rain here. This is both a blessing and a curse. along with our high water table, it allows less frequent trips to the grow site during the hot summer months (Majority of rainfall from June-Sept) It also invites moisture that promotes Bud Rot. Ways to combat this will be discussed later on.

This can be done many ways. the easiest of course is by lugging heavy jugs to the plot. However, this method can be tiresome and create unwanted trails. It is best to have a nearby water source you can either pump from or carry the water only a short distance, thereby minimizing trails. I will not go into details on this as there are many resources around that already cover it. How often.

Even after planting, we must return to the scene to make sure our babies are growing up in an appropriate environment! Rain.

It is a good Idea to return to your plot after heavy rains during flowering to shake excess water off of the plant. This helps to reduce mold and rot that can destroy crops. You can also check to see how the soil is draining. You may also need to do some cleaning around the area. Pick up any debris that may have fallen on your plant or fencing. Training.

A good soil to bring in is Subcool’s Super Soil. This soil has all of the nutrients a plant needs in order to live a productive and fulfilled life. You need only to water! Recipe can be found here

Routinely check for pests. Insects, fungus, and other critters love our babies too. Use a good organic/environmentally friendly pesticide and fungicide. Spray the plants often during vegetative growth and leave some other native plants untreated, this encourages the pests to go for the untreated plants. Nutrients.

Site Preparation is very important in Florida. No matter what part of the state you wish to grow, there will need to be changes that need to be made the plot.

So you are still around, eh? I guess it’s time to plant!

Living in one of the most populated states in the country, it can get difficult to find a secret place well away from prying eyes. A good rule is to walk atleast 30 minutes from any well established trails. This gives you some peace of mind in ensuring nobody stumbles upon your grow accidentally. You should also follow common Guerilla techniques. Do not take a straight line to your grow. Do your best not to leave any trails or evidence for other to follow you to the grow site, and as always DO NOT speak of your grow to anyone that doesn’t absolutely need to know about it! You may enlist the help of 1 close friend to help. If word about the grow gets out, you know who to go to.

Many soil brands have some nutrients to get you through the first month or two. Some also have additional time released fertilizers that can feed for several more months. These have their dark side too. The name "Time Released" should say "Water Released" because most of these type ferts are released when the soil is watered. This can be ok if the area well drained. However, if the area needs watered frequently, you could be over fertilizing the plants, or just washing the fert right through the soil. I like to mix some time release fert in the soil, but at low doses, to give the plants some light feeding for awhile. Mainly to last through the vegetative phase. After that I tend to use a flowering fert, and occasionally throw some time-release on the top of the ground when I know I will not be in the area for awhile. I prefer to use Organic nutrients as opposed to chemical fertilizers. This allows us to do our part in keeping pollutants out of nature and generally gives the best finished product.

Growing in the wilds of the state of Florida brings with it a new set of challenges. The Sunshine State has some diverse regions, from the Sandy Shores to the Hardwood forests. I will be discussing important topics such as security, Soil, maintenance, watering, and harvest.

This is determined by the location, weather, and soil. Some Locations have plenty of water close enough to the surface that the tap root can pull enough water for the plants, and you will only need to water with the nutrients. During the rainy season, you shouldn’t need to water much if any. Just periodically check the plants to make sure the rain is draining properly and not destroying your plants. Your soil is also a factor in watering frequency. if your soil holds moisture well, you will not have to water as often. Various soil amendments can help with this. Silt, Clay, Peat, Vermiculite, and organic compost all help to retain moisture. Another additive is a product that goes by many names, one common name is "water crystals". These little beads absorb a great deal of water and release it slowly for the plant to use.

Sunshine Sunshine is always abundant here. You just need to find a good spot that has plenty of it. Your Plants need atleast 5-6 hours of direct sunlight daily to thrive. Any less and your yields will suffer. You may also invite mold into the plant. Morning sun is best for many reasons. For starters, It isn’t as harsh as the dry evening sun. Another thing to consider is it allows the plants to dry off more quickly from the evening dew, limiting mold growth. The morning sun also gets the plants woke up and started earlier in their growing.

You mean you actually made it all the way to harvest? Your crop didn’t all rot away during the rainy season? Good job! When.

You may decide to do some training to your plants. This can be done for multiple reasons. One reason is to reduce plant height for stealth purposes. The other is for increasing cola production. There are many methods described elsewhere, so I will just mention the names so you can research them later. LST (Low Stress Training) methods include tying plants down, or guiding them to grow in a way other than straight up. HST (High Stress training) usually includes pruning, snapping branches, pinching, FiM, topping, Super crop, monster crop, and others. Pests.

Florida is home to an abundance of wildlife. There are many critters here that want to eat your plants, such as Deer, rabbits, pigs, and rodents. You can try to repel such animals by purchasing repellants, or by other homegrown means. Things such as hair, predator urine, soap, or any other strange scents not common in the area may repel most animals. Sometimes they come to accustom themselves to the smell and you may need to find other means of repelling. Fencing is a good deterrent for the natural wildlife. Use small hole fencing near the bottom to deter rodents, those sneaky guys can squeeze through some small holes. Security.

The second biggest job to the Guerilla grower is watering the plant during drought. when it hasn’t rained for a few days, you will need to water the plants.

If you are not using a Super Soil, you will need to provide your plants with nutrients. I recommend organic nutrients because they are less invasive on the environment and produce the best smoke. A good Idea is to hide the nutrients close to the grow site so you aren’t having to walk into the woods with fertilizer for people to see. You can buy camo 5 gal buckets or paint yours camo to hide in the woods with a lid to safely store the containers of nutrients. The bucket is also a handy way of mixing the nutrients.

When to harvest varies from grower to grower. You can carry a pocket microscope out to the plot and check the trichomes for the percentage of clear to cloudy to amber trichomes if you like. What myself and some others prefer to do is just keep a close watch on the plants toward the end of the cycle. The buds will have a "finished" look about them. and look at the buds and sugar leaves in the sun. When they have a golden/amber sparkle about them, it tells you that trichs are turning amber and it is time to harvest. I like to harvest after a couple days w/o rain and late in the afternoon, to ensure the buds are fairly dry and will not start growing mold before you can get home and hang them up to dry. How.

The less weight you have to carry out of the woods, the better. I like to do my first pruning in the woods to get rid of the large stalks and any yellowing fan leaves. The rest is bagged depending on how you must carry it out. You can pile it all on a large tarp and roll it up to carry large quantities out. Or you can line a back pack with garbage bags and fill it up to pack it out in smaller quantities. Transporting the finished bud can get tricky depending on your method of transport. This is something that you will have to tailor specifically to your needs.

(6) “Medical use” means the acquisition, possession, use, growing up to nine mature flowering marijuana plants and possessing the harvest therefrom , delivery, transfer, or administration of an amount of marijuana not in conflict with Department rules, or of related supplies by a qualifying patient or caregiver for use by the caregiver’s designated qualifying patient for the treatment of a debilitating medical condition.

The requirements to get an initiative certified for the 2022 ballot:

South Dakota: In 2019, the South Dakota State Legislature passed a bill amending one section of law by adding Epidiolex to its list of controlled substances. The bill also exempted CBD from the state’s definition of marijuana in that section. [7] Elsewhere in state law, CBD was not exempted from the definition of marijuana. This discrepancy led to confusion that left the legal status of CBD in the state unclear for a year. [8]

Constitutional changes.

(11) “Marijuana plant” means a plant, including, but not limited to, a seedling or cutting. To determine if a piece or part of a marijuana plant severed from the marijuana plant is itself a marijuana plant, the severed piece or part must have some readily observable evidence of root formation, such as root hairs. Callous tissue is not readily observable evidence of root formation. [3]

The proposed ballot summary is as follows: [2]

The measure would amend Section 29(b) of Article X of the Florida Constitution. The following underlined text would be added: [2]

Proposed measures are reviewed by the state attorney general and state supreme court after proponents collect 25% of the required signatures across the state in each of one-half of the state’s congressional districts (222,898 signatures for 2022 ballot measures). After these preliminary signatures have been collected, the secretary of state must submit the proposal to the Florida Attorney General and the Financial Impact Estimating Conference (FIEC). The attorney general is required to petition the Florida Supreme Court for an advisory opinion on the measure’s compliance with the single-subject rule, the appropriateness of the title and summary, and whether or not the measure “is facially valid under the United States Constitution.” [12]

The measure would amend Amendment 2 (2016), which legalized medical marijuana in Florida, to redefine “medical use” under the measure to include growing up to nine marijuana plants. The measure would also add a definition for “marijuana plant.” [1]

As of May 2021, 36 states and Washington, D.C., had passed laws legalizing or decriminalizing medical marijuana . Additionally, 10 states had legalized the use of cannabis oil, or cannabidiol (CBD)—one of the non-psychoactive ingredients found in marijuana—for medical purposes. [4] In one state—Idaho—medical marijuana was illegal, but the use of a specific brand of FDA-approved CDB, Epidiolex, was legal. [5] Based on 2019 population estimates, 67.5 percent of Americans lived in a jurisdiction with access to medical marijuana.

ARTICLE X, SECTION 29.– Medical marijuana production, possession and use.

Path to the ballot.

Peaceful Minds for Medical Marijuana is leading the campaign in support of the initiative. [2]

Idaho: In 2015, the Idaho State Legislature passed a bill legalizing certain types of CBD oil that was later vetoed by Governor Butch Otter (R). In response, Otter issued an executive order allowing children with intractable epilepsy to use Epidiolex in certain circumstances. [6]

After the 2019 changes, Attorney General Jason Ravnsborg (R) issued a statement, wherein he argued all forms of CBD oil, apart from Epidiolex, were illegal under state law. [9] Several state’s attorneys expressed disagreement with the Attorney General’s statements. Aaron McGown and Tom Wollman, state’s attorneys for Minnehaha and Lincoln counties, respectively, issued a joint statement where they said the discrepancy left legality open to differing interpretations. Mark Vargo, the Pennington County state’s attorney, said his office would not prosecute CBD cases based on his interpretation of the state law. [8]

(b) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the following meanings:

On March 27, 2020, Gov. Kristi Noem (R) signed House Bill 1008 into law, which legalized industrial hemp and CBD oil in the state. [10]

Medical marijuana in the United States.

In Florida, the number of signatures required for an initiated constitutional amendment is equal to 8% of the votes cast in the preceding presidential election. Florida also has a signature distribution requirement, which requires that signatures equaling at least 8% of the district-wide vote in the last presidential election be collected from at least half (14) of the state’s 27 congressional districts. Signatures remain valid until February 1 of an even-numbered year. [11] Signatures must be verified by February 1 of the general election year the initiative aims to appear on the ballot.

The proposed title is as follows: [2]

In Florida, proponents of an initiative file signatures with local elections supervisors, who are responsible for verifying signatures. Supervisors are permitted to use random sampling if the process can estimate the number of valid signatures with 99.5% accuracy. Enough signatures are considered valid if the random sample estimates that at least 115% of the required number of signatures are valid.