This is very important. You should have it very clear that depending on the cannabis strain that you decide to grow, growth itself, plant care and the development of the plants can vary a lot.
A good option is to place aromatic plants around your cannabis plants. These, in addition to serving as ‘camouflage’ , so that your cannabis plants go unnoticed, will also help as a pest repellent. Examples of aromatic plants:
Within the wide range of choices for indica strains that we have in the Sweet Seeds® genetic collection, we can recommend the following for their ease of growth and fast flowering:
When growing outdoors, our plants will be continuously exposed to possible the attack of numerous pests. As we said on several occasions, the best attack is prevention. Therefore, it is advisable to perform biological preventive treatments with the intention of avoiding possible attacks.
Mainly indica strains: These strains tend to be smaller and more compact plants when compared to sativa strains. They are also faster.This is why indicas are an excellent choice when we do not have much space, as the plants will not grow very large, allowing for stealthier grow operations and adapting better to what is normally needed in balcony crops .
Advices for your balcony grow.
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Photoperiod-dependent strains: these plants need a specific photoperiod to bloom. In the case of cannabis, the photoperiod is between 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. Keeping photoperiod-dependent plants with a photoperiod of vegetative growth will cause the plants to achieve a great height, which can be a problem when growing in balconies .For this reason, with photoperiod-dependent strains in balconies it is very important to check if there is any light coming from the street, such as streetlights, neighbour lights, or any exterior light at all. If the plants do not have 12 hours of continuous darkness every day , they will not detect the photoperiod change and will not start their flowering stage.
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They are an ideal choice for growers who do not have much space and want their plants to grow unnoticed, obtaining their harvest in a short time.
Another important variable to take in consideration is the environmental conditions to which our plants will be exposed. For example wind, heavy rains and humidity can affect and seriously damage our plants, damaging their branches, but also the appearance of pests, diseases, etc.
Balconies facing north or in the case of very low places located in narrow streets where the sun can never achieve the plants during the necessary hours, will make the cannabis plants grow weaker and unable to bloom and properly fatten their buds.
If you are considering to enter the cannabis balcony growers club , here you have all the important information to help you achieve the best results with maximum discretion.
Before deciding on a photoperiod-dependent or autoflowering strain you need to ask yourself this question: does my balcony get enough direct sunlight? It is very important to assess the orientation of the sunlight, as it could affect the development and production of your cannabis plants. It is advisable that your plants get at least 5 or 6 hours of direct sunlight during the morning or in the evening. If your b alcony faces south , you are in luck! Your crop will receive natural light from morning to sunset. If your plants get the midday sun you should be careful because, depending on the area where you live, the sun may be very strong for your plants and you will have to protect them.
First of all you will have to assess the size of your balcony and, depending on the space available, it is time to calculate the number of plants and size of pots that you will need to assure that the development of your plants is the most beneficial and productive possible.
As you have read, lack of space is not a limitation for cannabis growing when you can use your balcony. You just need planning, organizing the available space and treating your plants with all the care they need for a successful cannabis growing .
Pests and diseases.
Choosing the ideal cannabis strain for you.
For cannabis plants to properly develop and produce a decent yield , they need at least 4 hours of direct sunlight and an uninterrupted period of darkness – this means you’ll need to have a balcony with no light contamination at night time such as street lamps or the lighting from your own house. This is generally one of the more complicated issues regarding growing weed in an apartment.
Outdoor growing season starts as soon as spring arrives , although depending on where you live it may or may not be possible to start growing, this depends on the temperature and how hot the sun is. Regardless of this factor, we recommend growing various autoflowering plants (normal or XL) combined with a few seasonal plants that are either fast, early versions or normal flowering plants.
Spring time has finally come around which usually means good weather, depending on where you live, and growing weed in an apartment on your balcony or roof is a great way for medicinal and recreational consumers to grow their own affordable crop. In this post we’re going to show you one of the best ways to grow cannabis on your balcony, depending on your growing conditions and the needs that you need to meet.
1. Controlling Light Schedules.
Autoflowering pots tend to be 18L or 20L at the most , although the size of your pot is going to depend on the amount of space in which you’re going to be growing; if you don’t have much space and/or want discreet plants, we recommend using 7 or 11L flowerpots .
When your growing area has light contamination at night , you’ll have to grow a non light-dependant autoflowering plant. If not, your plants might not even flower correctly due to having their nocturnal cycle interrupted .
This stage is for growers lucky enough to have a decent climate at the start of September ; you can plant autoflowering plants and harvest towards the end of November, if your climate allows.
If you have a space with more than 4 hours of direct sunlight and you’re sure that there’s no light contamination at night you can grow both feminized seasonal plants, regular plants as well as autoflowering strains.
The first two weeks of July is when you should germinate and plant your third and last round of autoflowering plants, around 4 weeks before harvesting the second round. If you started the second stage in May, the fourth stage becomes the second and last round of autoflowering plants.
This is the first two weeks of June and this is when you’ll need to plant your seasonal strains if you’ve chosen to do so. Make sure to grow them discreetly, and make sure you have no light contamination at night.
As we were saying, choosing the right flowerpot is incredibly important if you don’t want your plants’ root system to end up heating up too much and dying off. We recommend keeping your flowerpots off the ground if at all possible using bricks or any other material that’s going to be cooler than the floor.
In general, you can start growing cannabis on your balcony towards the end of March , although we’re going to go through the various different stages right now to make it clearer.
Fabric flowerpots are a great choice; they don’t heat up much and allow your roots to air much more , which increases root growth, which in turn means large yields. However you’ll need to water more frequently, and feed them more often too. You can also transplant straight into the ground while in the flowerpots or into larger pots without needing to remove your fabric pot.
Growing Weed in an Apartment | First Step.
The type of flowerpot you’re going to use is something you’ll also need to keep in mind. There are various different types, such as black and white flowerpots, as well as fabric pots and auto-pruning pots for the roots . These are generally the most used pots when growing cannabis.
When growing on a balcony or roof space, one of the most important points is discretion, as your neighbors might not be as in favor of your new hobby as you are , and some of them might even want to take tour plants. Plus, the aroma can be quite a give away for the authorities. In order to avoid any of these scenarios we recommend following these steps :
Root pruning pots come in various different sizes, although the white ones are probably best for cannabis. They allow for air flow through the roots and keep them growing at a constant pace, although not as intensely as fabric pots.
Feeding plants grown on a balcony isn’t any different than a normal grow indoors or outdoors. You’ll need to keep in mind that your flowerpot is going to heat up a bit more in the sun, reaching temperatures over 40°C which can double on the inside. We highly recommend using enzymes and root stimulants, as well as beneficial fungi and bacteria.
White plastic pots are the best at keeping your plants’ substrate from heating up, which is why they’re a better choice than white flowerpots. Balcony growers generally use white plastic flowerpots .
Cannabis seeds and plants for your personal pot garden must be purchased from a licensed producer, or authorized provincial and territorial retailers. Be sure to look for autoflowering or “feminized” seeds, which, unlike male plants, are guaranteed to flower.
As with lettuce, cucumbers, and tomatoes, growing weed on a balcony is actually pretty easy. With plenty of sunshine, especially on a south- or east-facing balcony, your cannabis can easily produce a significant yield and pretty decent bud, too.
In 2018, Canada legalized cannabis, including the practice of growing it at home. The Cannabis Act specifies that each household can cultivate up to four plants – either indoors or out. Manitoba and Quebec have opted to prohibit homegrown cannabis.
Regardless of what you plant or where, all growers should be on the lookout for garden pests like aphids, caterpillars, and fungal diseases. These guys threaten to not only reduce your yield but destroy the fruits of your labour entirely.
When it comes to choosing soil for your cannabis, Wallace says, “What may be good for one strain is not good for another.”
By midsummer, a flowering cannabis plant will produce an exceptionally pungent, skunk-like odour that not too many neighbours will appreciate. In fact, some cities are looking at bylaws to deal with the funk factor associated with personal pot gardens.
“There is no masking the smell of cannabis,” the director of cultivation at WeedMD tells CannCentral. Wallace has over a decade of experience studying and growing both small-batch and commercial cannabis, so he’s immensely familiar with what works and what doesn’t.
While some home growers claim high-fragrance herbs and flowers can do wonders to reduce the smell, Curtis Wallace says good luck.
Balcony growers, especially those who live on the higher floors of buildings, should also be beware of strong winds, which can break stems or topple pots.
Even cannabis plants growing way up on a 32nd-floor balcony are susceptible to pests and pathogens. Cultivating cannabis outdoors involves regular inspection, says Wallace.
But generally, autoflowering cannabis will do well in a lightly fertilized to nonfertilized soil mix with a pH of between 6.0 and 7.0. Go easy on the fertilizer during the seedling stage.
Here are a few tips for cultivating stellar weed on your balcony this summer.
Another is to plant later in the year than usual. “If you want to grow a sativa plant, you can start mid-July,” he says.
All strains should be started in small pots and then transplanted into larger containers after a couple of weeks.
With urban gardening gaining in popularity in recent years, many condo owners and apartment dwellers are transforming their balconies from private outdoor sanctuaries into thriving veggie gardens.
Nature at home.
“Cannabis grows very fast, so it can sometimes be very hard to maintain,” says Wallace.
“When you grow outside, you’re really at the hands of Mother Nature,” he says.
Indica-dominant hybrids can grow to a height of two or three feet from the top of a pot that is 12-to-18 inches in diameter, while a sativa can reach 20 feet or more.
Finally, cannabis plants love to drink. In fact, when they’re at the flowering stage, they’ll guzzle up to four litres of water a day, depending on their size. If you plan to go away, have a system in place to ensure your cannabis plants don’t suffer from drought. On the opposite end of the spectrum, long periods of rain can saturate the soil and stunt plant growth, so make sure you have some kind of cover on your balcony.
Bug-repellent companion plants like basil, garlic, marigolds, and petuniasalong with regular doses/applications of neem oil, can help keep your crop free from infestation.
Most outdoor-grown cannabis will begin to flower and stop growingwhen the days get shorter. A mid-July start gives the plant only a few weeks to grow, as opposed to months.