f1 hybrid weed seeds

Orange Bud and Californian Orange are both members of the multi-cannabis cup winning Orange Family of cannabis seeds. These strains stand for premium quality harvests of beautifully citrus scented buds. Orange Bud and Californian Orange have slightly different but complementary terpene profiles. The aim of the hybridisation was to combine the best features of each variety into a new stable strain which would embody the best taste, THC levels and yields.

The Skunk family of cannabis seeds is an example of in-breeding which has allowed the successful preservation of the distinctive skunk aroma and taste.

Note that male pollen spreads easily and will pollinate any nearby female plants. That’s why professional breeders have isolated, dedicated breeding rooms which prevent accidental pollen spread. Pollen may be applied with small brushes using e.g. paint brushes, allowing specific branches to be pollinated with pollen from different males if required. Or male and female plants may share the same room, pollen is spread simply using air circulation fans.

Inbred line cannabis seeds, often known simply as IBL seeds, are the result of inbreeding the descendants of the F1 cannabis seeds. It is usual to breed for 5 or more generations (F5) in order to be regarded as inbred line cannabis seeds. At this point the IBL may often be considered as a distinct strain in its own right.

F1 cannabis seeds explained! You can buy F1 autoflowering cannabis seeds or photoperiod F1 feminised cannabis seeds. Autoflower seeds tend to have a reputation for being faster and perhaps a little easier/more convenient than feminised seeds, but much depends on the preferences of the grower. F1 regular cannabis seeds are also popular with some old school growers or those conducting their own breeding experiments.

Cannabis genetics hybridisation process case studies.

Anyone involved with breeding/pollen would normally shower and change clothes to prevent unintended cross contamination between different areas of their breeding facility. Once pollinated, the female plant focusses much of her energy into seed production (rather than bud production).

What does f1 hybrid mean? Cannabis seeds are formed when pollen from the male pollinates a female plant. The male genetics cross with those from the female to create F 1 cannabis seeds, meaning that the cross is a F irst generation cross. If the parents were from two different strains the result would be F1 hybrid cannabis seeds.

Orange Hill Special is a Dutch Passion photoperiod feminised seed variety. She was in-bred over 6 generations after the initial crossing with genetics from Orange Bud and Californian Orange.

The most reputable cannabis seed suppliers work hard to identify the best genetics and then stabilise them, a process which sometimes takes several years. Stable consistent cannabis seeds give the grower the best chance of replicating premium quality genetics in their own grow room. However, if two (F1) hybrid strains are crossed the result is poly hybrid cannabis seeds.

Remember that the cannabis seeds have been produced from plants with genetics which are practically identical over several generations. Although this type of breeding is arduous and may take several years, the resulting cannabis seeds are typically very consistent with highly predictable results for the grower.

Many connoisseur growers prefer to buy genuine F1 cannabis seeds in order to get the highest chance of the consistent quality results which are most similar to the parent strains. F1 White Widow cannabis seeds from Dutch Passion are a good example. The large numbers of repeat White Widow growers know that their best chances of producing original Grade-A White Widow buds is to use F1 White Widow cannabis seeds.

When two parent strains are crossed the result is an F1 cannabis seed. If this seed is grown and crossed with one of the original parents, it is known as backcrossing. Backcrossing is a way of stabilising a cannabis strain since it allows parent genetics to be backcrossed with genetically similar offspring. As a result, greater genetic stability is conferred on the resulting cannabis seeds. This produces more consistent seeds with more predictably uniform results in your grow room.

To many people cannabis seeds are simply cannabis seeds. But breeders and connoisseur growers also use different terms for cannabis seeds, such as F1, F2, S1 etc. In this review, we will explain what is meant by these terms and precisely what they tell you about the cannabis seeds which they describe.

Often cannabis breeders will aim to combine two great qualities from different strains into a new hybrid. Often this will involve e.g. taking the cannabinoid content from one strains and augmenting it with XXL yields from another.

Many of the less experienced seed suppliers intent on making a ‘fast buck’ simply cross male and female plants to create rapid seed production with absolutely no thought given to stabilisation or optimisation of the genetics. Be sure to do your research carefully before buying cannabis seeds and choose seed banks with a good track record of customer service, plenty of repeat customers and perhaps a few cannabis cups. Cannabis cups are usually a sure sign that your seed bank takes their profession seriously and is there for the long haul.

What are poly-hybrid cannabis seeds?

What does F1 and S1 mean? Female cannabis plants can produce S1 cannabis seeds through a process known as ‘selfing’. Usually this involves taking a cutting/clone from the female mother plant and turning it into a male by a process known as ‘reversion’.

If the parent strains were quite different indica and sativa strains then the seeds would be called F1 hybrid cannabis seeds, these may show vigorous growth and display ‘hybrid vigour’ resulting in growth which is faster than usual. This extra growth vitality is seen when different cannabis genetics are hybridised to create an F1 cannabis cross.

F1 cannabis seeds are produced when two parents are crossed. When you see F1 cannabis seeds for sale you would normally expect them to show the closest qualities to the original strains. When the F1 cannabis seeds are grown and subsequently crossed the resulting seeds are known as F2 cannabis seeds.

When growing such seeds you can reasonably expect any of the genetics from the diverse parentage to be expressed. For some growers, variety is a good thing. For other growers seeking a tent full of consistent/uniform plants, poly-hybrid cannabis seeds are unwelcome guests.

Note. Growing and crossing F2 cannabis seeds would produce F3 cannabis seeds.

F1 fast cannabis strains are also available, with strains such as Think Fast. These strains have recessive autoflower genetics which cause the f1 fast cannabis strains to grow from seed to harvest a couple of weeks faster than traditional strains. For some outdoor growers this could be the difference between a harvest which ripens before the bad weather arrives and one which doesn’t.

The subject of F1 and F2 cannabis genetics can be a complicated subject, with questions such as ‘is F1 better than F2 cannabis?’ Whether you get better results with F1 vs F2 cannabis seeds will depend on the individual phenotypes being grown, as well your definition of the word ‘better’. It is perhaps safest to say that F1 cannabis seeds are more likely to show results closer to the original parents compared to F2 seeds.

What are F1 hybrid cannabis seeds?

This can be done by spraying the female with a chemical such as Silver Thiosulphate. The stress of this causes the female to become a male plant. Pollen is then collected from this plant and used to pollinate the original mother plant. This allows the original female to effectively be ‘self-pollinated’ or ‘selfed’. The cannabis seeds are known as S1 seeds and have the added stability benefit of using the ‘same’ genetics from the male and female.

F1 cannabis seeds simply mean that they are a first generation of offspring from the parent strains. Hybrid vigour is a term often used when discussing cannabis seeds, along with the question ‘Can an F1 outbreed for hybrid vigor?’ Cannabis hybrid vigour is observed when different strains are hybridised in an F1 cross.

Most home growers tend not to worry too much about terms such as F1 cannabis seeds, F1 hybrid cannabis seeds etc. So long as the seeds contain reliably good quality genetics few people are too concerned about the terminology used. However, to many cannabis breeders it is vitally important to understand the sometimes subtle, but critical, differences.

Orange Hill Special is a member of the most potent cannabis seed selection available, the High THC cannabis seed collection. This is where you can expect consistent 20-25% THC levels across all plants when grown in good conditions. Such stability and consistency don’t arrive by accident, it’s the result of several years of careful selection, lab analysis, stabilisation and careful breeding. If you’re looking to grow heavy harvests of extremely THC rich citrus scented skunk buds then Orange Hill Special is a perfect choice. For best results, LED grow lights are recommended.

As you further specialize in cannabis cultivation, you will undoubtedly encounter more and more impressive terminology.

There are very few strains of stabilized hybrids as the process takes a number of generations, over several years, to achieve.

F1 is the result of crossing 2 separate varieties. The resulting seeds are F1 and they will be stable, meaning the plant qualities should be pretty consistent.

What are F1, F2, F3, etc. selections?

When I first saw the term “F1 strain”, I seriously wondered what car racing and cannabis have to do with each other (and if it was wise to combine the two).

Once the desired traits are achieved, the breeder stabilizes the species.

The basics of growing plants are always the same. This also applies to cannabis. Male pollen pollinates the female plant. Nature has ensured this happens naturally.

With a little help, anyone can be a grower. But becoming a breeder is an entirely different ball game.

That means that the F2 seed variety will have three tall plants and one short plant. So, the main difference between the F1 and F2 varieties is the amount of genetic variation and purity of the seed strain.

You create an F1 strain by crossing two pure strains with completely different phenotypes. To achieve this, the grower will, for example, take 100 of their best plants and select only the very best mother plants based on a specific trait from one strain.

IBL Strains.

No worries. Let me send you a copy so you can read it when it’s convenient for you. Just let me know where to send it (Takes only 5 seconds).

In this case, F1 means something totally different and very fascinating!

Hybrids are the result of attempts to shape plants with specific characteristics, which are common in ruderalis, Sativa, and Indica strains. Successful crosses inherit the best traits of both parents.

We distinguish the following generations:

Creating a stable F1 strain.

The demand for new cannabis species is increasing with the natural consequence that there is plenty of experimentation by breeders.

To create an F2 strain, the breeder will cross two members of the F1 family together.

But that just sounds confusing and doesn’t cover the load. Let’s go further back first before we take a leap into the unknown.

F1 stands for “first-generation hybrid”. The F derives from Filius, which is the Latin word for “son”. Yes, botanists sure love their Latin 😉

IBL stands for “inbred line”, AKA the holy grail of cannabis cultivation.

The duration of our grows is very important. With this type of genetics we will be able to enjoy our weed a few weeks earlier.

These photoperiod-dependent plants can be multiplied in our garden by taking clones from our plant from seed or from our mother plant.

F1 Fast Version® strains are 100% photoperiod-dependent versions featuring ultra-fast flowering of some of the most appreciated genetics from the Sweet Seeds® genetic collection. These new genetics are F1 hybrids. When grown indoors, these marijuana plants are ready to harvest just 6 or 7 weeks after the photoperiod switch to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. When grown outdoors, the plants anticipate harvest for about 1 to 2 weeks regarding to their original versions.

With a shorter flowering time we will also consequently use less flowering nutrients.

A very important detail for indoor growing with artificial lights, taking in consideration the prices of electricity and the contamination that it takes to produce electricity.

Green Poison F1 Fast Version®

At Sweet Seeds® we have used this type of hybridization that leads for a reduction in the flowering time in some of the most appreciated genetics from our catalog, creating versions with a very-fast flowering of some of our most appreciated photoperiod-dependent genetics.

The photoperiod-dependent parental contributes with its photoperiod-dependent trait to the F1 Hybrid in all the offspring. This happens because the photoperiod-dependent characteristic is dominant regarding to the autoflowering characteristic that, on the other hand, is recessive.

This is one of the most important advantages of F1 Fast Version® genetics. This advantage can be a particular benefit for outdoor growers from humid and rainy areas, high mountain zones or regions with harsh winters. Fast-flowering marihuana plants can anticipate harvest to the most virulent season of fungus attacks, that decimate the buds in long time flowering plants. It also allows for an anticipation to the arrival of bad weather and the cold. These genetics are ready to harvest between late August and early September in the Northern Hemisphere. Late February to early March in the South Hemisphere.

One of the main advantages of growing with photoperiod-dependent seeds is the possibility of preserving, for an indefinite time, clones of any special plant that we find. This can be done by keeping the clones with artificial lights in a photoperiod of 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness. With this light cycle the Mother Plants keep in the vegetative stage without ever getting into the flowering stage and they can be used to produce clones.

Around the year of 2007 at Sweet Seeds® we started our programs to introduce the autoflowering gene in our most appreciated elite clones, with the final goal of obtaining equally exquisite genetics but in autoflowering version.

When we performed the first crosses between autoflowering genetic lines and our beloved photoperiod-dependent elite clones, we observed that 100% of the first generation was photoperiod-dependent. There was not one single autoflowering specimen. This was something expectable and indicated that the autoflowering character was recessive and the photoperiod-dependent character was dominant. But what really called to our attention in our first experiment was how fast the F1 Hybrid flowered. We even double checked our calendars to be sure that there were no mistakes in our annotations. We confirmed that there were no errors whatsoever. The cross with the autoflowering strain leaded to an important shortening in the flowering time to the F1 Hybrid and bud maturation happened about 2 weeks earlier.

As they are F1 Hybrids, they feature strong hybrid vigor. The hybrid vigor phenomenon is normally expressed in a quantitative way. This means that they are measurable and in marihuana they are usually expressed as:

The fast flowering of our F1 Fast Version® genetics is mainly due to the type of autoflowering genetics that intervene in the cross. At Sweet Seeds® we select the fastest-flowering autoflowering genetics for the production of these photoperiod-dependent strains featuring fast flowering.

The autoflowering specimens with the shorter flowering stage are selected for the production of F1 Fast Version® strains . These select autoflowering genetics featuring very fast flowering provide to the F1 Hybrid a very fast flowering in all the offspring when compared to the photoperiod-dependent parental.

Crystal Candy F1 Fast Version®

As they are F1 Hybrids, these genetics show great stability. This is a very sought trait by all the growers. Even more when this stability is shown in characteristics that are desired and sought by the cannabis grower.

The F1 Fast Version® strains are the first filial generation (F1) resulting from the cross between a photoperiod-dependent genetic and an autoflowering genetic. The result of this hybridization between two stable and totally different plants (at least regarding the type of flowering) is known in genetic terminology as “ F1 Hybrid ”. The F1 Fast Version® strains are hybrid genetics, 100% photoperiod dependent and featuring a very fast flowering stage.

Photoperiod-dependent strains are genetics that flower according to the photoperiod (the hours of light and darkness that plants are subjected to).

If we harvest a few weeks before, we will consequently dedicate less time to taking care of our plants. We can dedicate this time to other hobbies and to enjoy our harvest.

F1 Hybrids are the first resulting generation of the hybridization between two different and stable varieties. They combine the valued “stability” and also the appreciated “hybrid vigor” in the same generation. The more stable (homozygotes) the parentals and the larger the genetic distance between both of them, the greater this “hybrid vigor” and “stability” is.

At Sweet Seeds® we have been one of the feminized marihuana seed banks pioneer in the development of autoflowering genetics. And the first seed bank in the world to offer F1 Fast Version® genetics to cannabis growers.

Red Mandarine F1 Fast Version®

The autoflowering or photoperiod trait is dependent on a single gene. This gene presents two possible alleles. One is dominant (F) , which is the one that codifies the photoperiod character while the other one is recessive (a) and is the one that codifies the autoflowering character . As the allele that codifies the autoflowering character is recessive, to express this type of flowering it is required to be in a state of homozygosis, which means that all the autoflowering plants are (aa) , as they have received a gene (a) from the father and another one from the mother.

The autoflowering parental contributes with a very fast flowering and maturation of the flowers to the Hybrid F1 in all its offspring. In this case the heredity is in a half-way point and the autoflowering genetic reduces the duration of the flowering stage of the photoperiod-dependent parental in between 1 and 2 weeks .

On the other hand, every photoperiod strains (elite clones) of the Sweet Seeds® bank of mothers that we use to produce F1 Fast Version® strains are homozygotic for the dominant character that expresses the photoperiod-dependent flowering . They are (FF) as they have received a (F) gene from the father and another one from the mother and this is something that we can deduce from the analysis of the offspring of these clones.

Sweet Seeds® was the first feminized marihuana seed bank that released this type of hybrid genetics in the market. They are available in the cannabic scene from 2013.

The first resulting generation of the cross between these two types of strains –photoperiod (FF) and autoflowering (aa) –, obeying to the first Mendel Law or to the Hybrids Uniformity Law for the first filial generation, provides as a result a 100% of hybrid specimens (Fa) and as (a) is recessive and (F) is dominant, 100% of the population is photoperiod dependent and zero autoflowering plants show up. This first hybrid generation between homozygotes for one or multiple characters in the genetic line is known as F1 Hybrid.

For the development of the F1 Fast Version® genetics we use the best selected autoflowering strains and the collection of elite clones from the Sweet Seeds® bank of mothers.

Besides the previously mentioned advantages that are shared by all the photoperiod-dependent strains, the fast flowering of the F1 Fast Version® genetics allows for extra advantages for the cannabis growers: