best way to grow commercial weed

Once you have decided where you want to launch your grow op, you’ll need to draft a monthly utility plan that helps keep you on budget. Understanding how much you’re spending on utilities will come in handy and can help you adjust selling prices accordingly down the line. Whether it’s heat, light or water, you need to implement systems that make the most use of your growing op space.

The cannabis industry is undergoing a boom. Demand for recreational and medical cannabis is skyrocketing. Making the decision to start your own grow op is one that must be made with careful discretion.

First and foremost, determine how many plants you want to manage in your growing op. This will help you determine how much space you will need. If you are planning a significant grow operation, say about 200 plants or more, it is crucial that you find the ample space to house them.Be sure to learn that the space you are choosing can be retrofitted with the necessary grow op supplies that will help keep your plants healthy.

How to Grow Cannabis Using Organic Soils and Nutrients.

Once you’ve handled the legal side of things, the next step is planning out what you want your marijuana grow op to look like. Creating a list of materials needed for growing cannabis indoors helps keep you on schedule and aligned with your budget.

Taking the time to investigate the right air filters for your grow op setup is also a must. Carbon filters have been proven effective when it comes to removing heavy and impure particles from the air.

The Marijuana Regulatory Agency establishes Michigan as the national model for medical and recreational marijuana production. The agency seeks to stimulate business growth through safe cultivation practices. In order to start your marijuana grow op, it is pivotal that you check with this agency, as well as the state.

Before taking any actionable steps toward your growing op, it is crucial to be knowledgeable of any specific rules laid out in Michigan marijuana laws. Launching a grow operation prior to obtaining the required licensing can result in fines, as well as other legal action. Because each state has varying regulations relating to the growing and cultivation of cannabis, it is advised that you contact your state’s governing agency to acquire the applications needed to become a fully licensed grow operation.

Equally important to your grow operation set up is the lighting system you use. Depending on the space you’re working with, you can either choose to have lights installed or install them yourself. Lighting systems can be fitted into the ceiling of your commercial grow operation. If you’re working with limited space, you could also choose to hang lights above the plants. Just be aware of the space between your plants and the lights. You want to leave ample room as to avoided burning and singeing the plants.

Once you’ve located the right area for your commercial grow op, it is now time to consider what grow medium you want to use. Dirt and manure have been a steadfast go-to for years, but with new grow op supplies on the market today, it is important to know the choices available to you. One popular brand among growers is organic soil. Containing live microfauna and microorganisms, organic soil has the extra power needed to break down nutrients. This eliminates the need for harmful growth additives and makes absorbing nutrients easier for the plant.

a grow operation is an enterprise or facility engaged in the growing and selling of marijuana.

How to Grow Cannabis: Recreational & Medical Marijuana Michigan Laws.

Before we delve into the specifics of planning a grow operation, it is important to establish an understanding of what a growing op actually is. According to Google, a grow operation is an enterprise or facility engaged in the growing and selling of marijuana. Commonly referred to as grow op, grow space or grow room, these facilities can vary in size, requirements and production capacities.

If you are already making the necessary plans to launch a grow op, it is worth considering a commercial water treatment system that can double as a dehumidifier. Chilled water treatment systems help keep temperature and humidity levels stable while save up to 40 percent more energy than a traditional HVAC system.

If you plan on growing cannabis indoors, you can rely on a modest greenhouse tent or an entire warehouse facility. The real planning needs to involve factors like grow room ventilation, lighting and hydroponic systems. Selecting the correct grow op supplies can have a huge impact on your overall output.

All plants require water to survive. Supplying your plants with pure water helps them grow and increases yield.

One of the last major factors that need to be considered before a marijuana grow op is ventilation. Airflow is generally measured in cubic feet per minute. Understanding the volume your grow op occupies is pivotal when picking the right grow room ventilation.

Grow Operation Set up.

While it is possible to launch an outdoor grow operation, it may not be worth the headaches that come with managing it. Aside from legislative parameters outlined in Michigan marijuana laws, other factors can delay or prevent cultivation. Along with legislation, the Michigan Marijuana Regulatory Agency also needs to be considered.

Usually, a commercial grow op is a substantial operation simply because of the grow area it spans. Whether it’s an indoor facility or an outdoor venture, hundreds if not thousands of plants need to be managed. On the other hand, a residential growing op is more manageable and requires less equipment.

Dehumidification, cooling and air flow can tremendously impact a plant’s growing cycle, also. Too much humidity can lead to mold, while too much cool are can stunt growth. For these reasons, it is advised that you include a network of fans in your growing op. Having an intake fan, exhaust fan or network of oscillating fans can help supply your plants with fresh air.

It is important to remember that the success of your marijuana grow operation hinges on the grow op supplies you use. Whether you’re launching a residential or commercial grow op, you need to have ample space and resources.

If you’re planning on using cannabis seeds, growing clones, seedlings or young plants, then fluorescent lighting is the way to go. On the contrary, when plants enter the flowering stage, they will need a wider range of types of light. Generally, picking an LED lighting system that also produces infrared and ultraviolet waves has been proven to promote plant growth.

In 2018, the state of Michigan voted in favor of legalizing marijuana for recreational use. Over the years, it has become increasingly easier for a medical marijuana patient to receive prescriptions. While the state already allows the creation of a marijuana business for medical use, growing weed recreationally is a different story. With medical marijuana becoming more popular among patients and Michigan recreational marijuana use increasing, now is the time for you to take your slice of the pie!

Although small-scale growers of illicit cannabis can get away with vague descriptions of strains and considerable variation between batches, commercial producers have to meet the same standards as they would for other consumer products. They need to produce a reliable product and follow the stringent rules and regulations that apply to product labelling and safety in their country.

Cannabis companies are quickly adopting techniques and technologies that were pioneered by commercial agriculture and horticulturalists. Organigram, a cannabis producer in Moncton, Canada, stringently controls its growing operations, says Jeff Purcell, vice-president of operations. “The growing environment is standardized, and we have full control over the air, light, temperature and fertilizer,” he says. “It’s all highly automated and computer controlled.”

Although many small-scale cannabis growers at first questioned the need for intensive product testing, most can now appreciate the benefits that the rules bring to the market. “People see the need for quality control and testing,” says James. “It brings a legitimacy to the industry that hasn’t always been there.”

Testing, testing.

Besides the challenges of growing a sufficient amount of high-quality cannabis for a rapidly growing market, cannabis companies have to deal with something that illegal growers do not — government regulation.

Many of his postgraduate students, he says, receive job offers from cannabis companies before they have even completed their studies. Zheng will begin teaching a cannabis production class for undergraduates at the University of Guelph in January 2020, and several colleges in North America already offer courses designed to provide skilled workers to the industry. In April, the first 24 students graduated from an 8-month cannabis production course at Niagara College Canada in Niagara-on-the-Lake. That course, intended for students who already have a diploma or degree in plant science, focuses on how to grow cannabis and the surrounding regulations. Bill MacDonald, a plant scientist and the programme’s coordinator, says that the graduates were snapped up by industry.

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Brian Owens is a freelance journalist in St Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada.

But as legal medical — and increasingly, recreational — cannabis becomes more widespread, the cannabis industry is becoming more professional. By adopting the methods and rigour of plant science and analytical chemistry, it is ensuring that it can produce safe, consistent and high-quality products for a fast-growing and lucrative market.

But other issues are unique to cannabis production. And achieving the most efficient production requires growers to do research under controlled conditions to understand how both plant genetics and growing conditions can affect the product.

And not all analytical labs are up to the job. Roger Brauninger, biosafety programme manager at the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA), a non-profit organization in Frederick, Maryland, says that although US states introduced requirements for external testing as medical or recreational cannabis became legalized, there was rarely any infrastructure or expertise in place to facilitate a professional testing regime. Even the most established labs, located in California, have only been around since the mid-2000s — despite the state legalizing the medical use of cannabis in 1996.

For years, the popular image of cannabis growers has been scruffy hippies getting high on their own supply in a disorganized underground economy, rather than shiny white industrial agriculture facilities. Even larger-scale operations involved minimal quality control or lacked formal record keeping.

Independent testing labs have sprung up to help growers to meet the requirements, but like the wider cannabis industry, they face growing pains. “At the moment it’s a bit like the Wild West, with different rules in different places,” says Andrew James, marketing director of Ellutia in Ely, UK, which makes chemical analysis equipment for the cannabis industry, among other markets. “It can be hard to know what to test for, how to test and where to do it.”

That led to labs being set up quickly with old equipment in unsuitable spaces, and with minimal quality control. James says that, in the past, it was not uncommon to meet people at trade shows who had bought analytical kits on the online auction site eBay and were running testing labs from their bedrooms.

Part of Nature Outlook: Cannabis.

Zheng’s laboratory is one of many that are working with cannabis producers to support and guide this effort. He is studying how the amount and wavelength of light used in growing can affect the plant’s cannabinoid composition. Increasing the amount of ultraviolet light, for example, can increase levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive component of cannabis. “We want to create a lighting recipe which will help producers get a consistent product,” he says.

The large-scale, controlled environment enables Organigram to conduct systematic, controlled trials and to produce huge amounts of data — with 5 cycles of growth per year in each of the growing rooms, it can generate more than 250 generations’ worth of growing data each year, says Purcell. The company can use those data to determine what works best for the plants, and then replicate those conditions at scale. “That’s the big difference with the black market,” he says. “When you scale up, you have to take a data-driven approach.”

“Because of the federal strictures, there weren’t any standardized methods. Labs had to validate everything themselves,” Brauninger says. “It’s difficult to bring in expertise when there isn’t a wealth of information available, and no trade association to help share techniques.”

“As the industry has gotten bigger, they realized they must transition to use modern horticultural science,” says Youbin Zheng, a horticulture researcher at the University of Guelph, Canada, who works with cannabis companies.

To ensure your cannabis plants get the right amount of nutrients, you’ll use a feed chart to track the effects that different nutrients have on your plants when you introduce them. Using this data, you’ll know when you should introduce other nutrients and fertilizers as needed during the growing and flowering periods.

Choose the growing medium that provides the best results, and you’ll have the best chance for success.

As you might expect, the air in your grow facility should be fresh. This can be easy to get if you’re growing cannabis outdoors, but if you operate an indoor facility, you need to replicate outdoor growing conditions as much as possible by providing free-flowing, fresh air.

Like all plants, your cannabis plants need light to grow. That means you’ll need special lighting with the right spectrum and intensity if you operate an indoor commercial cultivation facility. This is critical for your plants to grow quickly and healthily.

Through assimilation, materials in the cannabis plant are converted to energy and nutrients, which are needed to maintain existing plant cells and create new ones. Temperature has a significant effect on this process, so it’s imperative that the temperature in your grow room remains between 20 degrees Celsius and 25 degrees Celsius during the day and approximately 15 degrees Celsius at night.

5. The Right Nutrients.

Developing a commercial cannabis growing business in the United States requires a capital investment, agriculture skills and knowledge, and a cannabis cultivator’s license. However, there is more to building a successful cannabis cultivation operation than that.

The three types of light you can use for indoor cannabis crops are:

As with all agricultural crops, the cannabis plant thrives in the optimal environment. This includes both the air and temperature the plant grows in.

Plan to invest in a heating, cooling, and ventilation systems as well as a humidifier and/or dehumidifier and an air purification system. The size of the fans and systems you choose depends primarily on the size of your facility and the type of lighting you use, which can significantly affect the temperature in your facility and thus, your air circulation and ventilation requirements.

Clay pellets are the second most popular growing medium for cannabis plants. They come pH neutral and sterilized and can be re-used indefinitely as long as you re-sterilize them between uses.

Vermiculite provides great aeration and water retention for cannabis plants, but it doesn’t provide the best support for roots. Therefore, it’s best used in combination with another growing medium.

Perlite is another growing medium you might consider. It comes pH balanced and is great at water retention, but it also has a dust-like characteristic which can pose problems with hydroponic system filters and even your lungs.

Rockwool can also be used as a growing medium for cannabis plants, but it’s not a natural material and contains metals. That means you have to bring it to pH balanced before you use it.

Poor water quality can negatively affect the growth of your cannabis plants and your bud yield. Therefore, you should check your water’s pH level to ensure it’s around 6.5 at all times. Tap water that isn’t highly polluted is usually sufficient for indoor cannabis crops, but many growers prefer to use filtered or distilled water.

Coco air is quickly gaining popularity as a cannabis growing medium. It’s resilient like soil and re-usable like clay pellets. In addition, coco air is environmentally-friendly.

3. The Right Grow Medium.

I cannot stress enough how important monitoring air quality, temperature, and humidity levels are to the success of your cannabis cultivation business. This is an area where you might consider investing more for a system with automated adjustment features built in, so fans, dehumidifiers, and so on turn on automatically as conditions in your grow room change.

In this ever-changing industry, you also need passion, patience, flexibility, resilience, and the five critical elements of successful commercial cannabis growing, which the Leafy Green Agency team refers to as the 5 Rights of Commercial Cannabis Cultivation .

When you make the decision to start a commercial cannabis growing business, you need to set up a grow room. Make sure you address the five critical elements discussed in this article, so you’re set up the right way from the start. This includes air purification, ventilation and ducting, climate control, lighting, water, nutrients, and growing supplies.

Your goal is to find the best light sources to maximize your crop yields and profits, so choose accordingly.

These five elements are just part of what we teach aspiring cannabis growers in our Medical Marijuana Cannabis Cultivators seminar, and I want to introduce them to you here. It doesn’t matter how much money you have – if you don’t have a solid foundation in these five critical elements of successful commercial cannabis growing, then your business will likely fail.

Soil is just one of the mediums you can use to grow your cannabis plants. Soil is the least expensive, most abundant, and most natural option, which makes it the most popular growing medium. Be sure to choose a potting compost (other than peat-based) that has been sterilized and packed loosely.

Water is crucial to a cannabis plant’s growth. In fact, the cannabis plant is 90% water, so it makes sense that water is one of the five critical elements of successful commercial cannabis growing.

1. The Right Environmental Conditions.

Cannabis plants absorb nutrients through osmosis wherein the nutrients move from one fluid to another. For this reason, water quality is extremely important, but air temperature and humidity levels can also affect osmosis and the cannabis plant’s ability to absorb the nutrients it needs to grow and thrive.

If you’re ready to take the next step and learn more about commercial cannabis cultivation, sign up for our Medical Marijuana Cannabis Cultivators seminar. Check out our seminar registration page to see when the class will be held in your area. Don’t see your area on the registration page? Subscribe to our newsletter to learn when new seminar dates are announced.