best time to start growing weed outdoors

Our complete grow kits include everything you need to go from seed to your very own supply of high grade medical cannabis.

The first step to growing cannabis is doing your research. You need to research a location, your seeds, whether you’ll use pots or plant in the ground, what kinds of nutrients to use, what the weather is like, and so on. For some people, this level of detail is exciting. For others, especially beginners, thinking about how to grow cannabis outside can seem a bit overwhelming. That’s where a Pot for Pot comes in.

For many, the idea of outdoor growing paints a mental picture of working in your backyard or a community garden, tending lovingly to your plants every day. But this is not always possible, either because you want to keep your plants discreet or because you simply don’t have space for it. Even if you don’t have the best place to grow cannabis outside , a Pot for Pot Complete Kits can help. Simply set your potted plant on your balcony or patio. Of course, you don’t need a kit to grow a potted plant. However, if you choose to ‘do-it-yourself,’ you’d have to plan, buy, and assemble everything yourself as well. With that comes the opportunity to make critical mistakes that could ruin your entire investment. If you’re only going to grow one or two plants, don’t you want to ensure that they succeed and produce something worth your effort?

State by State Guide to Growing Cannabis Outside.

Growing in pots, in general, makes the process of growing anything easier, since you can move your plants around (between indoors and outdoors) during undesirable weather developments. On top of that, a Pot for Pot also provides the nutrients as well as the best soil for growing cannabis outside. Our simple, easy-to-follow process is literally the best way to grow cannabis outside . This is true whether you are growing for the first time or want to make growing cannabis outside in pots as effortless as growing any other plant.

A pot and optimized soil aren’t the only things included. You’ll also receive a seed germination kit, a step-by-step grow guide, aerated top soil mix, a rooting booster, magnifying lenses, scissors for trimming, natural pest repellants, a watering can, and a spray bottle. Need seeds? A Pot for Pot includes a coupon that you can use to purchase some of the best cannabis seeds to grow outside . If you have ever avoided growing cannabis because of how complicated it is, a Pot for Pot has taken the guess work out of the equation.

Of course, every state has a different climate and/or legal setup for growing cannabis, so it’s important to know what is possible where you live. Read on to learn how to grow outdoor plants in your state.

From the desert states of Arizona and New Mexico to the more tropical regions such as the Carolinas and Florida, these states benefit from lots of sunshine and warmer weather. In these states, the key to growing cannabis outside in pots is to plant on the earlier side if you’re organized early enough. Place your pots outside as early as March, although April is fine too.

States that are higher altitude and/or have colder winters, such as Colorado, Montana, the Midwest, and the Northeast, also benefit from the shorter growing season of autoflowering plants. The best time to plant might not be until April or May, and that’s okay; the plants will still be ready to harvest before the weather starts getting too cold. In general, it should be safe to bring your plants outside by the time the end of April rolls around. This applies to the majority of states in the North, although you might want to bring them indoors at night when the risk of nighttime frost still exists.

There are a variety of ways to section the different regions of the United States. For this guide, we’ll break it down into a few of the broader sections to provide a general idea of the country’s climate regions. Since the climates can still vary quite a bit within each region, we’ll sometimes include state-specific details as well.

How to Grow Cannabis Outside.

Note: This information is based on climate rather than laws. It’s still a good idea to check into your state’s local laws to see if and what you can grow.

Northwestern states, especially Oregon and Washington, have to deal with rain as one of the biggest concerns. The best time to grow cannabis outside here is in early spring, which can be different from year to year, depending on the weather, but primarily meaning March or April. Sometimes May can be a good time to start, depending on how cool the weather has been that year. Keep in mind, autoflowering plants have a shorter growing time, so waiting until the later side is not a bad idea for these strains. This helps ensure good weather and more sunshine from the get-go.

Spring is finally here, let’s get your plants outside! Even if you don’t have a huge yard, you can still enjoy the great outdoors by planting and growing your very own cannabis. Even if it’s still a bit chilly where you are, now is the time to start. Growing cannabis outdoors may be easier than you might expect, especially with a growing system like a Pot for Pot.

Autoflowering plants, however, take exactly how long you are told they will. In other words, the information about the growing time of the strain will be accurate, since it is not based on daylight or nighttime hours. In general, autoflowering plants grow faster than photosensitive plants – taking roughly 3 months to go from germination to harvest. That means you can either be a bit relaxed with the timing, as long as you have three months of adequate sunshine and warmer weather. This also means those who are super proactive can grow cannabis outside twice in one season – doubling their harvest. If you want to do it that way, it is best to germinate and grow your plants a bit inside before moving them outdoors, just to ensure a surprise frost doesn’t hit them.

Can You Grow Cannabis Outside?

The rain in the Northwest can make mold an issue, especially close to harvest time. This makes the complete growing kit from a Pot for Pot so useful. Because every kit includes discounts on some of the best autoflower cannabis for outside grow seeds, it’s not hard to find the best strains for this region. With autoflowering plants, you can harvest before things get too wet and rainy during the impending fall and winter, lowering the risk of mold and mildew.

The difficulty of growing cannabis can vary based on the type of plants you choose to grow. Non-autoflowering (photosensitive) cannabis plants depend on the specific timing of daylight (and darkness) to grow properly. Autoflowering strains, on the other hand, have their own internal clocks, so to speak. No matter how much sunlight they receive, they will go through their seedling, vegetating, and flowering phases as usual. This means you don’t have to worry quite as much about the timing of the seasons. As long as your plants receive adequate amounts of sunlight, water, and have good enough levels of humidity and nutrients, they will do just fine.

In general, if there is still a risk of frost, it’s not a good idea to plant yet, or you will be majorly risking your plants. However, if you plant too late, you might end up with a disappointing end result. Luckily, this state-by-state guide can help.

Includes Northwestern states (Oregon, Washington, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado), the Midwest (Minnesota, Iowa, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota), the Northeast (including New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Maryland, and Pennsylvania), and Alaska.

Harvest up to a pound.

There are a number of changes to consider once plants go from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage:

Two rounded cotyledon leaves will grow out from the stem as the plant unfolds from the protective casing of the seed. These initial leaves are responsible for taking in sunlight needed for the plant to become healthy and stable.

The vegetative stage of cannabis is where the plant’s growth truly takes off. At this point, you’ve transplanted your plant into a larger pot and the roots and foliage are developing rapidly. This is also the time to begin topping or training your plants.

As roots develop, the stalk will rise and you’ll begin to see the first iconic fan leaves grow, at which point your cannabis plant can be considered a seedling.

If you’re growing indoors, you can force a weed plant to flower after only a few weeks when it’s small, or after several weeks when it’s big. If you’re growing outdoors, you’re at the whim of the seasons and will have to wait until the sun starts to go down in fall for it to flower and then to harvest.

Flowering stage.

If you’re growing weed indoors, you can grow whenever you like. Keep in mind that the outside environment will affect your grow space—you may need to add heaters in the winter or fans and ACs in the summer. Other than that, you can start seeds whenever you like and flip them into flower whenever you like, depending on how big you want the plants.

Even if growing outdoors, a lot of growers will start their seeds inside under an artificial light to help them through this delicate stage of marijuana growth.

Marijuana light cycle: 16 hours a day.

Cannabis plants are considered seedlings until they begin to develop leaves with the full number of blades on new fan leaves. A healthy seedling should be a vibrant green color.

Everything should be cleaned up, dried, and curing well before the Winter Solstice. Now’s a good time to make your own cannabutter, topicals, or tinctures with all that trim from the harvest. Kick your feet up, relax, and hunker down for the cold, it’s been a long growing season!

The flowering stage is the final stage of growth for a cannabis plant. This is when plants start to develop resinous buds and your hard work will be realized. Most strains flower in 8-9 weeks, but some can take even longer, especially some sativas.

Marijuana light cycle: indoor—16 hours a day; outdoor—at least 6 hours of direct sunlight (“full sun”), plus several hours indirect sunlight.

Buds typically grow the most toward the end of the flowering life cycle. You probably won’t notice much budding out at the beginning of the flowering stage, and it will slow down toward the end of the cycle, when buds become fully formed.

Be very careful to not overwater the plant in its seedling stage—its roots are so small, it doesn’t need much water to thrive.

Marijuana light cycle: 12 hours a day.

Notes on marijuana growth phases.

If you’re growing outdoors in the Northern Hemisphere, growers usually get their seeds between February and April, and you should start your seeds by the end of April. Some growers will start their seedlings inside in a more controlled environment because seedlings are more delicate, and then put their seeds in the ground outside once they’re a little bigger. If you’re growing clones or autoflowers, you have a grace period of another month or so. Plants usually need to be outside, in the ground, by the end of June.

The biggest variability in how long a marijuana plant takes to grow will happen in the vegetative stage—after the seedling phase and before flowering.

At this stage, the plant is vulnerable to disease and mold. Keep its environment clean and monitor excess moisture. Be sure to give it plenty of light.

Harvest happens sometime between September and November. This depends on your local climate, as well as the weather that particular year—one year it could be the end of September, the next, end of October, and growers in the Pacific Northwest will have to pull down their crops earlier than those in Northern California.

If you need to determine the sex of your plants (to discard the males), they will start showing sex organs a few weeks into the veg stage. It’s imperative to separate males so they don’t pollinate the females.

Once your seed has germinated , or sprouted, it’s ready to be placed in a growing medium, like soil. The tap root will drive down while the stem of the seedling will grow upward.

As the sun reaches up high in the sky, your cannabis will want to as well. Make sure all of your plants are outside by the Summer Solstice.

Seedling stage.

Outdoors, flowering occurs naturally when the plant receives less light each day as summer turns into fall. Indoor growers can trigger the flowering cycle by reducing the amount of light marijuana plants receive from 16 to 12 hours a day.

Marijuana light cycle: 16 hours a day.

The growth stages of marijuana can be broken down into four primary stages from seed to harvest:

Seedling stage length: 2-3 weeks.

Vegetative stage length: 3-16 weeks.

Be sure to keep a grow journal to track the progress of your plants. Looking back on your notes will help you learn from mistakes and maximize the quality and quantity of your buds.

It’s important to know these stages and how long each lasts to know what the plant needs and when. Knowing where your cannabis plants are in their life cycle will dictate when to prune, train, and trellis your plants, and when to harvest.

Generally speaking, it takes anywhere from 10-32 weeks, or about 3-8 months, to grow a weed plant from seed. It’ll be quicker if you start with a clone or an autoflower seed.

If you buy a clone from a grower or breeder it will be a seedling, so you can skip the seed germination phase.

Marijuana light cycle: 12 hours a day.

If you’re growing outdoors in the Northern Hemisphere, growers usually get their seeds between February and April, and you should start your seeds by the end of April. Some growers will start their seedlings inside in a more controlled environment because seedlings are more delicate, and then put their seeds in the ground outside once they’re a little bigger. If you’re growing clones or autoflowers, you have a grace period of another month or so. Plants usually need to be outside, in the ground, by the end of June.

The growth stages of marijuana can be broken down into four primary stages from seed to harvest:

When your marijuana plant becomes a seedling, you’ll notice it developing more of the traditional cannabis fan leaves. As a sprout, the seed will initially produce leaves with only one ridged blade. Once new growth develops, the leaves will develop more blades (3, 5, 7, etc.). A mature cannabis plant will have between 5 or 7 blades per leaf, but some plants may have more.

Seedling stage.

Harvest happens sometime between September and November. This depends on your local climate, as well as the weather that particular year—one year it could be the end of September, the next, end of October, and growers in the Pacific Northwest will have to pull down their crops earlier than those in Northern California.

Cannabis plants go through a series of stages as they grow and mature, and those different growth stages call for different amounts of light, nutrients, and water.

As roots develop, the stalk will rise and you’ll begin to see the first iconic fan leaves grow, at which point your cannabis plant can be considered a seedling.

Cannabis plants are considered seedlings until they begin to develop leaves with the full number of blades on new fan leaves. A healthy seedling should be a vibrant green color.

The biggest variability in how long a marijuana plant takes to grow will happen in the vegetative stage—after the seedling phase and before flowering.

Two rounded cotyledon leaves will grow out from the stem as the plant unfolds from the protective casing of the seed. These initial leaves are responsible for taking in sunlight needed for the plant to become healthy and stable.

Be mindful to increase your watering as the plant develops. When it’s young, your plant will need water close to the stalk, but as it grows the roots will also grow outward, so start watering further away from the stalk in the soil so roots can stretch out and absorb water more efficiently.

Buds typically grow the most toward the end of the flowering life cycle. You probably won’t notice much budding out at the beginning of the flowering stage, and it will slow down toward the end of the cycle, when buds become fully formed.

We can’t stress enough that the timeframes in the above graphic are ranges of time for the Northern Hemisphere. You’ll need to adjust them based on your specific region and local weather and climate.

Be sure to keep a grow journal to track the progress of your plants. Looking back on your notes will help you learn from mistakes and maximize the quality and quantity of your buds.

Vegetative stage.

The Spring Equinox is a good reminder that it’s time to kick off the outdoor growing process and start germinating your seeds.

At this stage, the plant is vulnerable to disease and mold. Keep its environment clean and monitor excess moisture. Be sure to give it plenty of light.

Marijuana light cycle: 16 hours a day.

It’s important to know these stages and how long each lasts to know what the plant needs and when. Knowing where your cannabis plants are in their life cycle will dictate when to prune, train, and trellis your plants, and when to harvest.

Take meticulous notes on when and how you perform each step, as well as what the weather is like. Other notes can include how much water you give plants, at what intervals, and how much nutrients you give them. Pictures will also give you a better sense of how your plants look along the way.

Flowering stage length: 8-11 weeks.

If you’re growing indoors, you can force a weed plant to flower after only a few weeks when it’s small, or after several weeks when it’s big. If you’re growing outdoors, you’re at the whim of the seasons and will have to wait until the sun starts to go down in fall for it to flower and then to harvest.

How long does it take to grow a marijuana plant?

The first marijuana plant stage begins with the seed. A cannabis seed should feel hard and dry, and be light- to dark-brown in color. An undeveloped seed is generally squishy and green or white in color and likely won’t germinate.

The flowering stage is the final stage of growth for a cannabis plant. This is when plants start to develop resinous buds and your hard work will be realized. Most strains flower in 8-9 weeks, but some can take even longer, especially some sativas.

Even if growing outdoors, a lot of growers will start their seeds inside under an artificial light to help them through this delicate stage of marijuana growth.

The weather will start to turn and the sun will begin descending in the sky as your plants fatten up with sweet, sticky buds. It might be tempting, but wait until around the Fall Equinox to start harvesting.

Seed germination length: 3-10 days.

Everything should be cleaned up, dried, and curing well before the Winter Solstice. Now’s a good time to make your own cannabutter, topicals, or tinctures with all that trim from the harvest. Kick your feet up, relax, and hunker down for the cold, it’s been a long growing season!

There are a number of changes to consider once plants go from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage:

Outdoors, flowering occurs naturally when the plant receives less light each day as summer turns into fall. Indoor growers can trigger the flowering cycle by reducing the amount of light marijuana plants receive from 16 to 12 hours a day.